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Introduction to Germany




      Germany (German: Deutschland) , officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) , German Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany. located in north-central Europe. It is a federal parliamentary republic in Central and Western Europe, consisting of 16 states, the capital and the largest city - Berlin (German: Berlin) . Its land area is 357,000 square kilometers, the north-south distance is 876 kilometers, and the east-west distance is 640 kilometers. It stretches from the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south, through the varied landscapes of the forested highlands of central Germany, to the northern lowland plains.

      One of the largest countries in Europe, Germany has a diverse landscape: high mountains in the south; sandy rolling plains in the north; forested hills in the urbanized west; and agricultural plains in the east. The magnificent Middle East- Berlin is the spiritual heart of the country, re-starting from the ashes of World War II after decades of division.

      Known for its visual arts, literature, folklore and song, the Rhine (German: Rhein) flows northward from Switzerland. Along the banks of its Necker, Main, Moselle and Ruhr rivers and their main tributaries stand hundreds of medieval castles, churches, picturesque villages, market towns and learning and cultural centres, including Heidelberg. With the oldest university in Europe (founded in 1386) and Mainz, it is historically one of the most important publishing centers in Europe. All of these are central elements of Germany's burgeoning tourism economy, whose natural beauty, history, culture and cuisine (including famous wines and beers) attract thousands of tourists to Germany every year.

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